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Firth, Primitive Economics of the New Zealand Maori.

Firth, Raymond / [Eggan, Fred].

Primitive Economics of the New Zealand Maori. With a Preface by R.H. Tawney. This is a scientific yet picturesque study of the social and economic organization of the Maori people, one of the native tribes of New Zealand known throughout the world, by a distinguished New Zealand scholar and anthropologist.

First Edition. New York, E.P. Dutton and Company, 1929. 23.1cm x 16cm. xxvi, 505 pages. Frontispiece photograph of Waewae Te Kotahitanga of Ohaua-te-rangi with the spear and cloak of former days. With 16 illustrations, 3 maps and 5 tables. Original Hardcover with original dustjacket in protective collector’s mylar. Very good condition with only minor signs of wear. Jacket slightly torn. Endpaper signed by american anthropologist Fred Eggan (from his library).

A fascinating and unique study of the primitive economics of a primitive people – fascinating, because the history of the Maori is principally that of tales of battles, cannibalism, murder, and heroic defenses against Western civilization; unique because the author, a distinguished New Zealand scholar, has employed his profound knowledge of anthropology to the solving of the paradox of a people, primitive and uncivilized, yet with a civilization of their own, whose remarkable economic activities were developed within a framework set by the family, the tribe, the class system, their institution of property, the power and duties of chiefs.
Dr. Firth, by his direct contact with the Maori people, a tribe of world-wide fame, and his knowledge of their language, brings to his work masses of rich ethnographic material not available to book-students (Source: Dustjacket – Flap)

Includes for Example: The work of Karl Bucher/ Anthropology and economics/ Theories of stages of evolution/ The kulturhistorische school/ The Maori and his economic resources/ The Land and its people/ The economic adjustment in the case of Maori clothing/ Social structure and economic organization/ The Maori village (kainga)/ The marae (public square)/ The whare whakairo (carved house)/ Kinship grouping/ Social relations in the village/ Whanau and Hapu/ Economic aspect of marriage/ The psychology of work/ The problem of motive/ Bird-snaring as industry/ Mythology of birds/ Importance of birds/ The popular attitude towards work/ Art and industry/ Education in technical pursuits/ Mechanical appearances of the ancient Maori/ Maori division of labour: between the sexes, by age, according to rank/ Slavery/ Magic in economics/ Tapu – magic and the control of nature/ Magic of protection/ Magic and work in agriculture/ The economic value of protective magic/ The spell (karakia)/ Elements of the magic art/ Distribution of goods and payment for labour/ The accumulation of wealth/ Income of the tohunga/ Occasions of feasting/ The economic feast/ Marriage entertainments/ Inter-tribal feasts/ Initial presentation of food/ Reciprocal hospitality/ Maori property: how held and used/ Borrowing and the tapu/ Theft/ Lost property/ Property of the household and other social groups/ Inheritance/ Maori “communism”/ The sentiment of the Maori for his land/ Some aspects of native tenure/ The chief, the land and the tribe/ The rights of hapu/ Mana and the land/ The exchange of gifts/ Intra-communal exchange/ Utu – the principle of reciprocity/ The sanction for repayment of a gift/ Native tracks and canoe-ways/ The quest for pounamu (green stone)/ The journeys of Tamatea-ariki-nui, also called Tamatea-the-traveller/ Principal communication routes in olden days/ Status of the Maori/ Historical retrospect/ The mechanism of cultural change/ Bibliography of New Zealand literature etc.

Frederick Russell Eggan (September 12, 1906 in Seattle, Washington – May 7, 1991) was an American anthropologist best known for his innovative application of the principles of British social anthropology to the study of Native American tribes. He was the favorite student of the British social anthropologist A. R. Radcliffe-Brown during Radcliffe-Brown’s years at the University of Chicago. His fieldwork was among Pueblo peoples in the southwestern U.S. Eggan later taught at Chicago himself. His students there included Sol Tax. His best known works include his edited volume Social Anthropology of North American Tribes (1937) and The American Indian (1966). His wife, Dorothy Way Eggan (1901–1965), whom he married in 1939, was also an anthropologist. (Wikipedia)

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Raymond Firth, Primitive Economics of the New Zealand Maori.